Italian Terms

accelerando / accel

adagio

allegretto

allegro

andante

cantabile

crescendo / cresc.

da capo / D.C

dal segno / D.S

decrescendo / decresc.

diminuendo / dim.

fine

forte

fortissimo

legato

lento

mezzo

mezzo forte

mezzo piano

moderato

piano

pianissimo

poco

rallentando / rall.

ritardando / rit.

ritenuto / rit.

staccato

tempo

8va

Definition

gradually getting quicker

slowly

moderately fast

fast, quickly, and bright

at a walking pace

in a singing style

gradually getting louder

repeat from the beginning

repeat from the sign

gradually getting quieter

gradually getting quieter

the end

loud

very loud

smoothly

slow

half

moderately loud

moderately quiet

moderately

quiet

very quiet

a little

gradually getting slower

gradually getting slower

held back

detached

speed / time

octave